BEFORE JOINING THE TRAFFIC
Before your trip, check the weather and road conditions. To insure good visibility clean your vehicle, especially glass surfaces and rear-view mirrors. Likewise, in order to be visible to other drivers, it is necessary to clean the vehicle lighting and the registration plates. Take your trip well-rested and refreshed, to be focused and aware of all traffic events.
In the night your eyes need some time to get used to darkness and street lighting. To prevent additional flashing of vehicle lights behind you, change the angle of your inside mirror. Also, try to avoid the direct light from the opposite direction.
Rain causes slippery roads and reduced visibility, therefore slow down and keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front of you. Use short lights and the surrounding light.
The fog causes reduced visibility and it is necessary to include short lights and fog lights as well as respect the speed limit. Especially in case of dense fog, it is necessary to significantly reduce driving speed and keep sufficient distance from the vehicle in front of you.
WINTER CONDITIONS, SNOW AND ICE
Winter equipment and responsible driver are most important for safe driving in winter conditions.
First step in preparation of the vehicle are certainly the winter tires. It is also advisable to check accumulator as its performance at low temperatures decreases. Before your trip, it is necessary to fill the fuel tank, check the amount of antifreeze and the glass wash fluid, as well as check the wiper blades and vehicle lighting. When selecting a fuel, select the type that has adequate winter-time characteristics up to -15° temperatures. During the winter months some gas stations offer new generation of diesel fuels, developed and adapted to low winter temperatures and driving conditions.
When driving in the winter, make sure that the vehicle is equipped with appropriate snow chains, but also cleaning equipment should be in the vehicle. In case of snow, ice and low temperatures, it is necessary to start the vehicle slightly and press the accelerator pedal slightly. You should drive slowly, keep safety distance and use lower gears, in order to maintain control over the vehicle. Accelerator and brake pedal should be used carefully to avoid slipping.
When driving during windy weather, it is necessary to reduce the speed, in order to be able to stop the vehicle at any time. If you are carrying a cargo, make sure it is securely fastened. Pay attention to pedestrians who may not hear vehicles and sound signals. Lift up all the glasses to prevent dust and objects getting in the vehicle.
Before going to mountain areas, it is necessary to carry out additional checks on the vehicle - brakes, spare wheel, failure tool, first aid etc. It is certainly necessary to check the weather conditions and road conditions and accordingly choose the route. During the ride you need extra caution, drive carefully without overtaking and paying special attention to road curves.
On the highway, it is important to comply with speed limitations, and use direction indicators when overtaking or changing lane. The driver needs to hold the wheel tight and not rotate it suddenly, in order to keep control over the vehicle even at high speed.
In a critical situation, the vehicle has to be stabilized by pulling off the traction power - by pressing the clutch, or by suddenly releasing the gas at the automatic transmission vehicle.